The evolution of cities and technology has allowed tremendous advances to improve the comfort of our lives, and one of these advances in the production and delivery of gas to homes. The gas comes from the earth to your kitchen by a rather long process. We will quickly explain how.
1 / How gas is extracted
First comes the extraction of gas. Note that gas was originally a by-product of petroleum, but today there are many ways to extract it from the ground in large reservoirs. Thanks to the extraction techniques it is possible to extract the gas with pumps under the pressure created by the machines. The hole can be made vertically or horizontally, if it is necessary to extract horizontally, a mixture of sand, water and chemicals are used, this process is called fracking.
2 / How gas is routed
After being extracted from the ground, the gas is then transported via pipelines. The gas remains constantly under pressure to circulate well. As the pressure naturally decreases with distance, every 50 miles the gas passes through stations to restore sufficient pressure in the ducts. These stations are also an opportunity to make sure that there are no problems. If there is a problem the gas can be cut while everything is fixed. The gas passes through these ducts at a pressure of 1500 PSI, but as the ducts divide to serve every city, town, building and apartment, the pressure drops to .25 PSI in your home.
3 / How gas finally reach your house
The gas that arrives at your house is quite different from the gas that is extracted, as other substances may be present such as helium, carbon dioxide, sulfur, or water vapor. The smell is also different to make it more easily detectable in the event of a gas leak in your home. For more information on how to install or repair your gas lines at home, you can contact us.